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24/10/2020
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Pronósticos pesimistas del FMI para 2020, pero optimistas para 2021 ... aunque no tanto

Existe un grado de incertidumbre inusitadamente elevado en torno a las proyecciones del FMI porque las proyecciones de base se fundamentan en presunciones críticas sobre las secuelas de la pandemia, debido al hecho de que la actividad sufriría más de lo previsto durante el confinamiento instituido en el primer y segundo semestres de 2020, y debido a  "un golpe a la productividad a medida que las empresas que sobrevivan incrementen las necesarias prácticas de seguridad e higiene en los lugares de trabajo", según comenta el FMI. No obstante el pesimismo que pronostica una tasa de recesión al finalizar 2020 del 8% para Estados Unidos, 10,2% para la zona del Euro y 9,4% para América Latina y el Caribe, proyecta un repunte notable del 4,5% para Estados Unidos, 5% para la zona del Euro y 3,7% para América Latina al finalizar el año 2021. Para España, en particular, los pronósticos son todavía más acentuados, tanto en la recesión como en el repunte; y los resultados para Estados Unidos desde 2019 son los mejores del mundo."

El FMI mejora la previsión de la economía mundial pero mantiene la caída de España.

El PIB de España caerá un 12,8% este año y pronostica un alza del 7,2% en 2021, casi un punto más que en junio.

Barcelona, Oct.13.– El Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI) ha mejorado en medio punto su previsión sobre la evolución de la economía mundial en el 2020. El informe de perspectivas económicas globales que acaba de publicar augura una caída del producto interior bruto (PIB) mundial del 4,4%, cinco décimas menos que en junio, cuando la mayoría de los países estaban justo iniciando la desescalada. “Son tiempos difíciles, pero hay algunas razones para la esperanza”, afirma Gita Gopinath, economista jefe del FMI.

La corrección al alza se debe, según la institución, a los resultados ya conocidos sobre el segundo trimestre del año, que fueron mejores de lo esperado, “principalmente en los países desarrollados, donde la economía empezó a mejorar antes de lo previsto tras la reapertura progresiva de mayo y junio”, dice el informe.

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Agricultura Extraterrestre

China anunció el 15 de enero de 2019 que había brotado una planta de algodón sobre la superficie de la Luna. Por supuesto, se encontraba en el interior de una nave china que había descendido sobre la cara oculta de nuestro satélite pocos días antes. Para que los astronautas sobrevivan a una misión de larga duración (al planeta Marte, por ejemplo), será indispensable que puedan generar sus propios alimentos en viajes que podrían durar años. Un reportaje en Muy Interesante (a continuación) abunda detalladamente en los planes de agricultura espacial que se están ideando para futuros viajes a otros planetas."

Brotes verdes en la agricultura espacial

En agosto de 2015, los astronautas de la Estación Espacial Internacional probaron lechuga fresca cultivada por ellos en el espacio.

Para que los astronautas establezcan colonias en la Luna y Marte, tal y como se planea, no tendrán más remedio que ser también agricultores, lo cual plantea serios desafíos a la ciencia. Sometidas a condiciones ambientales extremas, tierras ultraestériles y microgravedad, las huertas espaciales exigen una labor ingente de investigación que ya empieza a cosechar sus frutos.

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Global Forum on Modern Direct Democracy

Direct democracy is one of the mechanisms of participatory democracy, through the ability to draft and present legislative initiatives, the calling of plebiscites and referendums, community or town meetings allowing citizens to participate in decision makings and other means of active participation in government decisions.

The Forum on Modern Direct Democracy calls to celebrate online meetings via Zoom

  • The proceeding of this Forum will take place from 21 – 30 September 2020 on Zoom.

September 10 (DP.net).– The world's largest gathering devoted to issues of direct democracy and citizens' participation, this year will take place in cyberspace. Some of the main topics to be discussed are:

1: Swiss Direct Democracy in Practice

Switzerland is not only the host of the 2021 Global Forum on Modern Direct Democracy, it is also one of the most advanced direct democracies in the world. How does it work in practice? What can we learn from the Swiss example? What can Switzerland learn from the rest of the world?

2: Climate, Sustainability and Direct Democracy

The Climate Crisis is one of the greatest challenges we collectively face today. Around the world, people have taken to the streets to demand swift action, but in many countries governments have failed to follow suit. How can citizens use direct democracy tools to call for and even enforce stronger action to save our climate and to protect our environment?

3: Future of Democracy

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USA – Main Points of the Democratic Party Platform 2020

According to the spokesmen of the US Democratic Party, on social issues, the Party's Platform advocates campaign finance reform, LGBTQ rights, planned parenthood & abortion rights, criminal justice and immigration reform, stricter gun laws, and the legalization of marijuana. They argue that the Democratic Party emphasizes egalitarianism, social equality, protecting the environment, and strengthening the social safety net through "progressive" liberalism. In addition, it promotes easy voting procedures and protocols with minimum identification controls.

An insight of the Democratic Party Political Platform  

Washington DC, Sept. 3 (DP.net).– Early in July, the Democratic nominee Joe Biden joined Sen. Bernie Sanders to release their party's Political Platform, approved without dicussion during the Convention early in August. This Platform was drafted by a task force addressing climate change, criminal justice, the economy, education, health care and immigration. The Task Force had been created late in the Spring after Sanders suspended his campaign, effectively making Biden the nominee.

During the Convention, the plan was called "Progressive Unity Platform" ("progressive" being an euphemism for "socialist"). Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez was included in that process, while Sen. Elizabeth Warren emerged as a key policy adviser who talks regularly with Biden. However, Sen. Sanders made clear that the final document was not everything progressives had hoped for, but it "provides less ammunition for President Donald Trump". The "progressive" wing of the Democratic Party failed to get the Presidential nomination for Sanders –a socialist Senator of Vermont– who they consider represents the energy –and quite possibly, the future– of the party. Biden, meanwhile, said it was a "bold, transformative platform for our Party and for our country." And he added: "I am deeply grateful to Senator Sanders for working together to unite our Democratic Party, and deliver real, lasting change for generations to come”.

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Judge ruled last March that Hillary Clinton must testify in eMail case, involving Susan Rice as well – New developments

A judge ordered Hillary Clinton to testify at a deposition for a lawsuit related to her use of a private email server for involving official business while working as secretary of State under President Barack Obama. She was ordered to answer questions from lawyers for the conservative advocacy group Judicial Watch. However, the judge barred Judicial Watch’s lawyers from questioning Clinton and her former chief of staff at State, Cheryl Mills, about the preparation of talking points for then-United Nations Ambassador Susan Rice’s Sept. 16, 2012, media appearances. However, on June 2, attorneys for Clinton and Mills attended a telehearing with the D.C. Circuit. Judges heard arguments regarding a petition to reverse Lamberth's March 2 ruling that Clinton and Mills be required to give in-person depositions to Judicial Watch. No ruling was made on the petition. Judicial Watch attorney Ramona Cotca argued that by proceeding with the depositions, Clinton and Mills might help clarify where the State Department can broaden its search. The latest news below are a new episode in this political drama.

Susan Rice Admits Under Oath She Emailed with Hillary Clinton on Clinton’s Non-Government Email System and Received Emails Related Susan Riceto Government Business on Her Own Personal Email Account

  • Said she ‘does not recall’ who gave her key Benghazi Talking Points she used on TV, ‘does not recall’ being in any meetings regarding Benghazi in five days following attack, and ‘does not recall’ communicating with anyone in Clinton’s office about Benghazi Talking Points.


Washington DC, Aug.6.– former Obama National Security Advisor and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, Susan Rice, admitted in written responses given under oath that she emailed with former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on Clinton’s non-government email account and that she received emails related to government business on her own personal email account. Rice’s 2019 sworn written answers are available here.

The State Department objected to all questions, instructions and definitions posed to Rice in Judicial Watch’s court-ordered deposition as she “does not recall” almost everything else, including conversations with Clinton.

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