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18/02/2020
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Denuncias / Reports

United Nations condemns the imprisonment of political prisoners in Cuba and targets the Criminal Code and the lack of independent lawyers

United Nations performs audits to the judicial processes of political prisoners.

• The first three cases reviewed are that of Josiel Guía Piloto, Iván Amaro Hidalgo and Marbel Mendoza Reyes, in a new resolution of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, which comes to endorse and extend the resolution of the case of Roberto de Jesús Quiñones Haces.

• In its resolution, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention condemns the figures of contempt, disorder, social danger and attempt, contained in the Criminal Code, which “are extremely vague and lack the requirement of sufficient accuracy to provide legal certainty to the population”, and which have been the cause against these three political prisoners.

• Likewise, it indicates that “the criminal types for which Mr. Guía Piloto, Ms. Mendoza Reyes and Mr. Hidalgo were tried and deprived of liberty, being extremely vague, do not allow to specify their meaning or identify the conduct to be regulated, so that they contravene the international obligations of Cuba, and invalidate them as the legal basis of the arrest, which makes it impossible to invoke a legal basis to justify the detention, making it arbitrary”, which is a “violation of article 9” and also “Articles 18, 19, 20 and 21 of the Universal Declaration”, as well as Articles 10 and 11, for the “impossibility of accessing evidence” and affecting “their right to defend and receive effective legal assistance” and in “detriment of the obligation of publicity”.

• In the same way, UN accuses Cuba of carrying out a systematic methodology on political activists and that these arrests “were made within the framework of a systematic arbitrary detentions of political opponents, committed by Cuban authorities of recent years.”

• UN recalls that « the Inter-American Commission [IACHR] recognized that arbitrary detention is systematically used in Cuba as a" method of harassment "against opposition political organizations, such as the Patriotic Union of Cuba, noting that people are accused of public disorder, pre-criminal social danger and contempt. He has also identified that persons deprived of liberty in this context have been subjected to "aggressions, threats and ill-treatment and their access to medical care and treatment would be restricted within prisons”. »

• The United Nations agency concludes in its resolution that the detentions are “the result of the exercise of human rights” and that “there are no proportional grounds that justify the detention and, therefore, the criminal trial.”

• It reminds Cuba of the need, already expressed by the Committee Against Torture, to « reform the provisions of the Criminal Code with regard to pre-criminal social danger, to “end administrative detention based on subjective criminal figures, vague and inaccurate." »

• The agency attacks legal defence system in Cuba, and ensures that “the Working Group was able to verify that, under Decree-Law on the practice of Law and the National Organization of Collective Law Firms, and its Regulations (issued by the Ministry of Justice), the Ministry of Justice exercises extensive regulatory and supervisory functions over the legal profession. This includes the high inspection of the National Organization of Collective Law Firms, the determination of rates for legal services, serves as an administrative instance of appeal against decisions that deny entry or separate individuals from the legal profession, receives reports from the National Board of Directors, can authorize the exercise of the profession, approves the creation and extinction of collective law firms, supervises the training regime for newly graduated lawyers, among many other control activities (see articles 3, 11, 20, 29 and Special First Provision of Decree- Law, as well as articles 20 and 42 of the Regulation).”

• It indicates that “This is not the first time that the Working Group has been analysing a case where it is alleged that there have been serious irregularities in access to legal assistance for detainees in Cuba; otherwise, it has been verified in recent cases that detainees have not had the fundamental guarantee of access to a lawyer who can exercise their defence without limitations or interruptions. The Working Group has even received cases of lawyers who have been subjected to arbitrary detention.”

• The United Nations Working Group indicates as usual to find “serious irregularities in access to legal assistance” and that detainees have not “had the fundamental guarantee of access to a lawyer who can exercise their defense without limitations or interruptions”. “The Working Group has even received cases of lawyers who have been subjected to arbitrary detention,” they sentence.

• The United Nations reminds Cuba that « the Committee against Torture has indicated with concern that "there have been no significant changes in the justice system of the State party since the presentation of its initial report in 1997. In particular, it notes with concern the lack of independence from the executive and legislative branches of both the judiciary and the role of lawyers.” »

• The United Nations therefore ruled that “Guía Piloto, Mendoza Reyes and Amaro Hidalgo did not have the fundamental guarantee of independent legal assistance, which represented their rights and exercised the defense of the accused freely, in accordance with the international standards”, and that “the Cuban authorities seriously disregarded international norms relating to the right to a fair impartial trial to the detriment of Mr. Guía Piloto, Ms. Mendoza Reyes and Mr. Amaro Hidalgo, which contravenes the provisions of the Articles 9, 10 and 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights”.

• The United Nations, in view of everything presented in these cases by Prisoners Defenders, indicates that it will also refer the cases “to the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; to the Special Rapporteur on the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association; to the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, as well as to the Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers.”

• The United Nations states that “the appropriate remedy would be to place Mr. Pilot Guide, Mrs. Mendoza Reyes and Mr. Amaro Hidalgo immediately in full freedom and grant them the effective right to obtain compensation and other types of reparation, in accordance with the international right."

Prisoners Defenders hopes that Cuba understands that the best way out of this situation, and that of all political prisoners on its list (129 on February 1, 2020), is to conduct an audit of the cases, as the United Nations has done to these cases and, in an act of judicial rectification, agrees the absolution of the inmates, as well as the compensation of the damages that have been caused to them with all processes. Such gestures would allow us to believe that there are in Cuba officers os the State who want to get out of a human rights situation on the island, created by the State Security -the regime- that, if it continues, will only bring more misery and isolation to the Government of Cuba.

ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
As for the pre-criminal convictions, like the case of Marbel Mendoza Reyes, it should be remembered that there are more than 8,400 cases in Cuba in prison and more than 2,500 in house sentences (11,000 in total). 

It is necessary for Cuba to carry out a process of review of multiple fundamental human rights deficiencies, caused by the State Security’s action on state officials and professional workers, a review that has been requested by Edel González, President of the Judiciary Provincial in Cuba, in a presentation in Madrid. 

REQUEST FOR REPORTS: Entities wishing to receive the work of Cuban Prisoners Defenders (list of political prisoners and of conscience, legal studies of political prisoners, legal studies on Cuba, studies on repression and prisons in Cuba, etc) please contact Cuban Prisoners Defenders at Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo. or by whatsapp or phone at +34 647564741. Disambiguation: Prisoners Defenders generates its contents and reports in Spanish, and then translates them into other languages with the sole purpose of facilitating reading, but in case of any need for nuance or disambiguation, it will be the reports generated in Spanish that prevail and are official, unless explicitly stated otherwise. Our website is www.prisonersdefenders.org and our facebook page is https://www.facebook.com/CubanDefenders. Our Twitter is @CubanDefenders. 

 

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Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos emite su Resolución 13/2020 en el caso de María Elena Mir Marrero

La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) de la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA), aprueba la solicitud  de medidas cautelares al gobierno de la Republica de Cuba, solicitada por la activista de derechos humanos en la isla, María Elena Mir Marrero.

En la actualidad la Sra. Mir Marrero es la Coordinadora Nacional de la Red de Líderes y Lideresas Comunitarios (RELLIC), una organización que se enfoca y promueve el liderazgo democrático en Cuba. Además se desempeñaría como la Secretaria General de la Confederación  Obrera Nacional Independiente  de Cuba (CONIC) e integra la Secretaría Ejecutiva de la Mesa de Unidad de Acción Democrática (MUAD).

La CIDH tras  analizar  las  alegaciones  de  hecho  y  de  derecho  presentadas  por  la solicitante,  la Comisión considera “que la información presentada demuestra prima facie que la señora María Elena Mir Marrero se encuentra en una situación de gravedad y urgencia, puesto que sus derechos a la vida e integridad personal están en grave riesgo”.

En su Resolución 13/2020 la CIDH  solicita  de la Republica de Cuba:

“a)    adoptar  las  medidas  necesarias  para  preservar  la vida  y la integridad  personal  de la señora María Elena Mir Marrero;

b)  adoptar las medidas necesarias para que la señora María Elena Mir Marrero pueda desarrollar sus actividades como defensora de derechos humanos, sin ser objeto de actos de violencia y hostigamientos en el ejercicio de sus funciones;

c)    concertar las medidas a adoptarse con la beneficiaria y sus representantes; y

d)   informar sobre las acciones adoptadas a fin de investigar los hechos alegados que dieron lugar a la adopción de la presente medida cautelar y, así, evitar su repetición”.

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Cuba: 3 nuevos presos de conciencia en enero de 2020; 21 nuevos en 5 meses

 

Los nuevos presos políticos son: Yasser Rivero Boni (periodista independiente), Luis Andrés Domínguez García (FACOZT), y Sandalio Mejías Zulueta (UNPACU).

11.000 civiles cubanos, no afiliados a organizaciones opositoras, son Convictos y Condenados de Conciencia, o están actualmente condenados por acusaciones “pre-delictivas”, a condenas de entre 1 y 4 años por su desafecto y sus críticas al sistema, pero sin delito asociado.

• La lista neta el 1º de enero de 2020 compilada por Cuban Prisoners Defenders arroja un total de 129 condenados políticos por su oposición al régimen.

• En los 5 últimos meses han entrado 21 nuevos Convictos de Conciencia en la lista de Cuban Prisoners Defenders.

Presos políticos reconocidos en oposición al régimen castrista: 1 de febrero de 2020.

Reconocemos en CPD, a 1 de febrero de 2020, a 129 condenados y presos políticos por oposición al régimen, pero además otros 11 mil civiles no pertenecientes a organizaciones opositoras, 8.400 de ellos convictos y 2.538 condenados, ambos grupos de conciencia con penas medias de 2 años y 10 meses de cárcel, por cargos denominados en el Código Penal como “pre-delictivos”, es decir, sin delito previo, que tratamos en el apartado 2 de esta nota de prensa.

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Nicaragua: DENUNCIA URGENTE: Comunidad de Alal atacada por grupo de mestizos fuertemente armados.

La tarde del miércoles, 29 de enero, un grupo de 80 hombres fuertemente armados atacó la comunidad de Alal en el territorio Mayangna Sauni As en la zona núcleo de la Reserva de Biosfera Bosawas.

Las primeras víctimas del ataque estaban pescando en el río Casca.  En el lugar fue asesinado Arly Samuel Gutierrez yHeridos comunidad de Alal. Will Fernández, herida de bala en la cabeza.Heridos comunidad de Alal. Will Fernández, herida de bala en la cabeza. resultaron heridos Centeno Indalecio y Marconi Jarquín, quienes lograron alertar a los comunitarios sobre la presencia del grupo armando. Las mujeres, niños y ancianos huyeron de la comunidad, mientras los hombres se quedaron para defender sus casas.  Poco después, fueron atacados por el grupo armado, que abrió fuego en contra de los comunitarios, quemó 16 viviendas, incluyendo la casa pastoral y mató a todos los animales.

Como resultado del segundo ataque, fue asesinado Juan Emilio David Gutiérrez y resultó herido Will Fernández con un impacto de bala en la cabeza.   Se encuentran desaparecidas las siguientes personas:

 

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ANP califica de desproporcionada intervención fiscal en vivienda de editora de política de diario Expreso

La Asociación Nacional de Periodistas del Perú – ANP- manifiesta su extrañeza ante la desproporcionada intervención fiscal realizada en la vivienda de la periodista María Teresa García Valenzuela, editora de la sección política del diario Expreso.

El hecho ocurrió el último miércoles 29 de enero, en horas de la mañana, cuando la periodista se encontraba en su vivienda, hasta dónde llegaron los fiscales Víctor Alfredo Novella Secada y Magnolia Del Rosario Huertas Angulo, titular y adjunta de la 12 Fiscalía Provincial Penal Corporativa del Callao. Junto al equipo de la Fiscalía llegó un contingente de aproximadamente 40 agentes de la Policía Nacional del Perú (PNP).

El equipo fiscal se había apersonado para solicitar a García Valenzuela las grabaciones de las cámaras de seguridad de su vivienda, puesto que el 9 de enero último se suscitó un asalto agravado en la esquina del inmueble y sus equipos de videovigilancia registraron el hecho.
Novella y Huertas realizaron esta acción con una orden de descerraje firmada por el titular del Primer Juzgado Penal de Investigación Preparatorio Transitorio del Callao, Renzo Arturo Subiria Ruiz, que autorizó la acción. La periodista accedió a dejar ingresar al equipo integrado que realizaba el allanamiento a su vivienda.

Según relató María Teresa García a la Oficina de los Derechos Humanos del Periodista de la ANP, el equipo fiscal solicitó insistentemente que ella les entregara la laptop de su propiedad, a lo que ella se negó aduciendo que es su propiedad personal, ante ello, la respuesta que recibió fue que si no colaboraba con la operación fiscal tendría que responder ante un juez por sus acciones.

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