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20/06/2019
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Denuncias / Reports

El asbesto en Cuba: un crimen impune

Cuba es de los pocos países en el mundo (incluyendo a China, Corea del Norte y la India) donde se sigue utilizando el asbesto sin restricción alguna para la construcción y también para la fabricación de diversos productos.  En algunos otros países se sigue utilizando con algunas restricciones, como son Irán, Sri Lanka, Bolivia, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Ecuador, México e Indonesia, entre otros.  Sin embargo, el asbesto/amianto (en sus cinco formas anfibólicas: amosita, antofilita, actinolita, crocidolita y tremolita) está prohibido por el Convenio de Rótterdam, firmado por más de cien países.

El asbesto o amianto es un mineral fibroso compuesto de silicatos de cadena doble que goza de una alta resistencia a las altas temperaturas y una baja combustibilidad.  Es altamente tóxico y mortal para las personas expuestas a sus fibras.  No hay nivel seguro de protección al asbesto, que provoca dos enfermedades mortales:  el mesotelioma y la asbestosis.

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Labor Rights in Cuba

  • There is only one labor federation in Cuba, the Central de Trabajadores de Cuba (CTC), organized and controlled by the Cuban government.
  • All workers must be members of the CTC and pay dues.
  • "Elections" are held periodically. Only candidates approved by the Cuban Communist Party are allowed to run for local or national leadership positions.
  • There is no collective or individual bargaining in Cuba.
  • Workers cannot change jobs without government permission.
  • Most businesses/agricultural and industrial enterprises are owned by the government—most Cubans work for the State.
  • All salaries and benefits are determined by the State.
  • Workers are hired, disciplined, and fired by the government.
  • Foreign companies doing business in Cuba must apply to the government for workers. They cannot hire or fire workers on their own without government approval.
  • Foreign companies pay the Cuban government in foreign currencies (e.g. euros, Canadian dollars) for their workers. The government pays the workers in Cuban pesos which are worth 1/20 of a U.S. dollar, pocketing 90% of every dollar it receives.
  • All Cuban workers in the tourist industry or any industry that comes into contact with foreigners are carefully screened and selected by the government. Lighter skin workers and those loyal to the revolution are picked for hotel, resorts, and other tourist destinations.
  • The Cuban government hires out physicians, artists, musicians, bartenders, etc. to foreign countries and foreign companies abroad. Cubans usually reside for six months in foreign countries and are paid in hard currency. Yet 40% of their salaries are deducted by their employers and sent to the Castro regime.
  • All labor arbitration must take place in the corrupt and arbitrary government offices where little protection is given to the worker. There is no independent judicial system in the island and all judges are appointed by and work for the government.
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