Declaration of Principles Cuban Libertarian Movement
Mexico, Fall 2003.- Since it has always been an
inescapable duty, consistant with our principles and agreements, the
Cuban anarchists and anarcho-syndicalists have been, and are in a
struggle for liberty, social justice and libertarian socialism. Since
the moment in the 19th century when we pioneered the worker’s movement
in Cuba, we continue the social struggle started by those generations
against colonial oppression, imperialist North American intervention,
international capitalism, bourgeois republics, the dictatorships of
Machado, Batista and the totalitarian government of the last forty four
years; we remain committed to a series of social concepts and ideas
which we will not renounce for any reason.
As Cuba lives through one of the most painful periods of her history,
we Cuban anarchists present this document, continuing the tradition of
denouncing and fighting state power, be it colonialist, capitalist,
dictatorial or today’s totalitarian system. We have fought and
denounced these wrongs before the founding of the Asociacion Libertaria
de Cuba and later, in the First Congress of 1944, the Second Congress of
1948, the Third Congress of 1950, the International Libertarian
Conference of 1955, the Declaration of Principles of 1960 and those from
the exile since 1965, the Declaration of the Libertarian Movement of
1975, the editorials in the Libertarian Information Bulletin until 1979,
the Guangara Libertaria until 1994, and in many declarations and
speeches in diverse fora in 1979, 1988, 1993 and 1995, denouncing as
well the Castro regime at international encounters in Italy, France,
Mexico, Spain and the United States.
1 – Since 1959 until today the Cuban government, self-proclaimed
“socialist” and represented only by the personality of its
“Maximum Leader” in a fascist fashion, oppresses and assassinates
our class brothers and sisters, assuming the functions of Sole Tyrant in
the name of the Cuban people.
2 – After over forty four years of despotism without equal in this
hemisphere, the Cuban people find themselves mired in poverty,
corruption and forced obedience, without rights of any kind, brutally
and inhumanely threatened and terrorized by the regime’s political
police, with a judicial and correctional system comparable to that of
Nazi Germany or the Soviet Gulags.
3 – The long-suffering Cuban proletariat (industrial and
agricultural workers), falsely represented by vertical and fossilized
unions of fascist ideology, finds itself trapped inside a social system
that persecutes and imprisons for such acts as trying to organize freely;
a system that exploits and discriminates, racially and politically,
without the right to strike, protest and boycott. Against so much abuse,
it needs to free itself of the infamous chains that oppress it.
4 – As men and women committed to freedom, we have decided to make
public this document and to struggle from our barricades with all our
strength to obtain freedom, to the last of our comrades and to the end
of our lives.
WE DECLARE THAT:
1 – The Cuban crisis is our first priority.
2 – As internationalists we have the duty to support our anarchist
comrades throughout the world and those class brothers and sisters who,
from the ranks of other ideologies akin to our principles, ask for our
3 – We are against all states and their representatives, against
all governments and empires that attempt to globalize, centralize or
dominate the rest of Humanity.
4 – We are not interested in the fight for political power, but we
always oppose any fascist, capitalist or clasist enemy, now or in the
future. Consistent with the idea that all political governments have
their roots in religion, we manifest our opposition to all religions and
churches as well as those philosophies and ideologies that oppose the
critical development of all human beings.
5 – We aspire to the total emancipation of the working class,
giving the Cuban proletariat our main attention and interest, given the
socio-political situation it finds itself: a tragic quagmire without
parallel in our continent.
6 – We will offer our fraternal solidarity to any group, sector and/or
movement anywhere in the world that adopts as its beginning and end
goals liberty and social justice for their own people. Internationalism
always starts at the closest place of struggle. We support all oppressed
and exploited people’s struggle for their liberation from domination,
whether imperialist or domestic. We celebrate the beauty of human
diversity and acknowledge the social and cultural contributions of all
communities on the planet. We will keep all kinds of free and fraternal
relationships with said sectors, anarchist or anarcho-syndicalist, in or
7 – We are enemies of capitalism and consumerism. We support all
forms of resistance to the current capitalist exploitation: strikes,
sabotage, workplace struggles, the squatting of buildings, rent strikes,
and struggles for the communal control of resources. We desire the
abolition of the wage and production system; therefore we are opposed to
Capital recovery and the continuation of the system of production in any
shape or form, including the imposition of state capitalism. We
understand that if production is the basis for the exploitation
perpetuated by Capital, changing the forms of production means changing
the forms of exploitation, not their elimination.
8 – We are against the state in all its forms. We are opposed to
all states without distinction of ideology and we fight to abolish them.
The objective of the state is to maintain and regulate domination. The
state has the monopoly on violence, the mechanisms to impart
“justice” and organized terror: the police, the army and the prison
system. 8.1 – We are against the prison and “social adaptation”
systems, seeing them as ways of control by the state to perpetuate the
privileges of the ruling class. 8.2 – We are against immigration
systems and declare freedom of travel beyond our fictitious state
boundaries a basic human right. 8.3 – We are against the ideology of
the authoritarian left that pretends to “transform” the state,
recovering its structures in order to keep power via the so-called
“proletarian state”, as well as the current discourse of the
democratic left that postulates “the need to democratize the state”
inferring that “an strategy in accordance with the times must arrive
at the occupation of the state” instead of its old proposal to
“conquer it”. This position of expecting everything from the state
and within the state logically brings the postponement of all social
struggles and perpetuates the democratic game offering “everybody”
the possibility to “participate” in the electoral farce. 8.4 – We
are against the regressive pretensions of the conservative reaction (clasist,
clerical, fascist) that aspires to return to a disgraceful and corrupt
9 – We fight for a society based on equity and equality among
people without distinctions of gender. We are for the liberation and
self-determination of women; therefore we oppose the patriarchal and
androcentric system of domination.
10 – We fight against racism. We favor cultural diversity. We are
conscious of the historical discrimination against the Afro-Cuban people,
since the days of the slavery to the present, and we affirm our struggle
for the self-determination of Black people. Likewise we acknowledge the
historical oppression of the indigenous peoples of America. We stand in
solidarity with their libertarian struggles for self-management, control
over their resources, justice and dignity.
11 – We reject mandatory heterosexuality imposed by patriarchal
culture and recognize sexual diversity in human relations. We support
the self-determination of lesbians, homosexuals and bisexuals.
12 – We are against the capitalist industrial system, built on the
exploitation of the planet and its inhabitants. We fight as well against
the savage destruction of the Cuban ecosystem by Castro’s dictatorship.
We support the struggle of all movements of resistance against the
continuous destruction of the environment. We acknowledge the need for
revolutionary transformation of our relationship with the planet and the
species that inhabit it.
13 – We will fight on all fronts to reestablish in the proletariat
the anarcho-syndicalist ideals that were trampled by authoritarian
“socialism” and torn away by the Castro’s regime. Socialism must
always go hand in hand with liberty.
WE AFFIRM THAT:
1 – We object to the political repression established by the Castro
fascist state. 2 – The political police must be disbanded. 3 – The
death penalty must be abolished immediately. 4 – All political and
social prisoners must be set free immediately. 5 – The military
service must be abolished and the military institution disbanded. In its
place there will be organized, free and spontaneously, self-defense
collectives, empowering links with those antimilitarist sectors that
inform their actions from a libertarian point of view. 6 – The
abolition of the state is an immediate and realizable necessity. We
acknowledge the people’s ability to organize their lives and their
communities without the need for political, economic, and military
The Cuban Libertarian Movement, consistent and coherent with its
ideals of libertarian socialism, social justice, self-management, class
organization, autonomous municipality, individual and collective freedom
for the Cuban people, is once again confronting Castro’s fascist
totalitarianism. We live in times of resurgence of the libertarian
ideal, where the growth of the international protest movement is evident;
today, more than ever, we glimpse the dawn of freedom and we deem it
necessary to fight against Cuba’s totalitarian despotism, with our
comrades in the island as well as with anarchists throughout the world.
We urge all revolutionary libertarian groups to coordinate their
efforts with ours in the struggle for a libertarian socialist society.
It is not about adding up ideological coincidences, but to sum our
efforts in committed revolutionary praxis, in real confrontation on all
levels and all planes, in the face of neocolonialist attacks and global
militarism and capitalism. The social revolution that we must bring
about comes out of the real needs of the oppressed, out of the real
movement of the exploited, affirming their desire to live in a free and
humane society that will once and for all break with all ideologies of
death, product of exploitation and oppression in the name of progress.
Comrades, let’s be what we really are and take on the struggle. Let’s
assume the consistent and revolutionary practice of Anarchism.